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Get to know Adobe Photoshop


Understand Adobe Photoshop with its history, functions, tools, etc.

The development of technology is currently increasing rapidly, which makes it easier for everyone to do many things. One of them is the human relationship with the application, of course, very close. Who is currently familiar with computer programs or smartphone apps? Call it a photo editing app, lots of people use it to manipulate photos to make them look cool and high quality.

Speaking of photo editing applications, you do not hesitate to mention Adobe Photoshop. The author himself calls this software a master image editing software. Because there is no doubt about its functionality and user-friendliness. Adobe Photoshop allows users to edit, create effects, add image elements, and manipulate images as they wish. Want to learn more about Adobe Photoshop software? Come on, see the next review!

Definition of Adobe Photoshop

Adobe Photoshop is raster graphics editing software developed by Adobe Inc. This software is becoming the standard for editing graphic images. More colloquially, Adobe Photoshop is used for editing photos and creating effects. Photoshop offers several effects features and tools to manipulate photos to improve the quality of the results. This bitmap-based software is used by graphic designers to process images by changing coloring, combining, giving effects, and creating masks for edited objects. Many editing features that can be used from Adobe Photoshop.

Adobe Photoshop can organize images using the layer feature it contains. Some of the obtainable coloring models are RGB, CMYK, CIELAB, Spot Color and Duo Tone, using PSD and PSB file formats. Currently, Photoshop has the latest version with Creative Cloud branding which was introduced in 2013.

Usable color modes of Photoshop

  • RGB color model
  • Lab Color Models
  • CMYK color models
  • Shades of grey
  • Bitmaps
  • duotones

Commonly used native Photoshop file format type

  1. PSD (Photoshop Document), a format that stores images with layered content, which includes text, opacity, blending modes, masks, color channels, alpha channels, clipping paths, two-color parameters (two-color parameters).
  2. PSB is the latest PSD format which version is used for large files (over 2 GB).
  3. PDD is the version intended to support the functionality of the Photoshop Deluxe software.

Photoshop also includes collages with additional software such as Adobe Image Ready, Adobe Fireworks, Adobe Bridge, Adobe Device Central, and Adobe Camera RAW. Adobe company also shares Photoshop development with several other software namely Photoshop Elements, Photoshop Lightroom, Photoshop Express, Photoshop Fix, Photoshop Sketch and Photoshop Mix.

In November 2019, the full version of Photoshop for iPad was released. This software is labeled as Adobe Photoshop family, offering a variety of latest features.

A Brief History of Adobe Photoshop

Adobe Photoshop was developed in 1987 by two brothers, namely Thomas Knoll and John Knoll. In 1988, they sold the license to Adobe Systems Incorporated. At that time, Thomas, a doctoral student, designed a program called Display, a program to display grayscale images on a monochrome screen. Then collaborated with his brother, an employee of Industrial Light & Magic, to work on this program. Thomas changed the name of the program to ImagePro but due to constraints he changed the name of the program to Photoshop.

Around this time, Thomas continued his demo program in Silicon Valley and met an Apple engineer, who was also an art director at Adobe, named Russel Brown. Through his show, Adobe purchased a Photoshop license for distribution in September 1988. Thomas continued to work as a programmer in Ann Arbor, while John chose to work on plug-ins in California. The first version of Photoshop 1.0 was released on February 19, 1990 for the Macintosh.

This program continues to improve in terms of color features with each release, until Photoshop becomes the industry standard for digital color editing. Photoshop for the Macintosh was selling for $385 at the time. A chief architect of Adobe named Seetharaman Narayanan moved Photoshop to Microsoft Windows in 1993. The program's reach was eventually marketed more widely through Microsoft's worldwide Windows port. Due to Photoshop's rapid reach, Adobe purchased the program's patents from Thomas and John Knoll for $34.5 million in royalties sold per copy.

Adobe Photoshop started with version 1.0 in February 1990 to 7.0 in 2002. Then in 2003 the version was changed to Photoshop CS 8.0 to CS6 in May 2012 with Creative Suite branding. After the end of the CS version, Adobe released the last license update with Creative Cloud on January 9, 2017. This CC version started on June 18, 2013 Photoshop CC (14.0), then advanced versions CC 2014 (15.0) , CC 2015 (versions 16 and 17), CC 2017 (version 18), CC 2018 (version 19), CC 2019 (version 20), Photoshop 2020 (version 21), 21.1 and 21.2 from June 2020.

Adobe Photoshop Features and Benefits

Adobe Photoshop is generally used as a tool for editing images and performing effect manipulations on images. But there are many detailed functions of this program, the following are:

  • Retouch photos with the addition of manipulation effects.
  • Adjust the color tone or change the color.
  • Eliminate or remove objects or parts of the image.
  • Adjust the image size by resizing it smaller or larger.
  • Make a combination of two or more images into a single unit or a new image.
  • Adjust photo resolution.
  • Change the quality of photos by sharpening, blurring, softening and increasing the brightness level of the image.
  • Combine picture objects, shapes and photos or crop pictures.
  • and many other Photoshop features and benefits.
  • Sketch an image
  • Create a logo icon
  • Create image and text effects
  • For web content processing, such as web content images.

Of all the above functions, it is possible that Adobe Photoshop can still be used in various other editing functions depending on the exploration of the user. Additionally, Adobe Systems continues to develop the latest Photoshop program features and facilities.

Tools and parts of Adobe Photoshop

The main tools or parts of Adobe Photoshop are quite easy to recognize, as they are important components that users will use when opening this program.

  1. Layer - It is a layer of the canvas that contains an object or an image that the user is designing. This tool is an important part which is used to adjust layout and layer layout on Photoshop canvas or spreadsheet. Layers have features like layers of transparent glass stacked on the section panel, usually layers are made up of the lowest layer called the background layer, then there are shape or object layers , color layers, text layers, and various other objects.
  2. Tool - Is a useful tool for designing and editing images or objects.
  3. Menu - This is the menu bar where all Photoshop tools are stored. The menu can be seen on the top row of Photoshop, there are different main menus, namely: File, Layer, Edit, Image, Window, Select, 3D, Filter, Analysis, View and Help.
  4. Toolbox - A boxed section that contains a collection of tool commands, located on the left side of the canvas worksheet. Some of these different tools include the Move Tool, Mark Tool, Lasso Tool, Quick Selection Tool and Magic Wand Tool, Crop and Slice Tool, Brush Tool, Eraser, Gradient tool and many other types.

Main features of Adobe Photoshop

Photoshop features are the result of using Photoshop's many tools. Thanks to the Adobe Photoshop page, many features can be used in this software. The existence of these tools will facilitate the work of graphic editors and support their activities.

  1. Layers (layer layers) - Are layers of an arranged design, edited image design work consists of backgrounds, shadow effects, color layers, design elements image, fonts and others. Besides compiling layer by layer, you can also group or combine these layers so that they are well organized.
  2. Paint Bucket or Fill - This function will be useful for pouring paint or color based on color similarities. The fill itself is the background color used. With the paint bucket, you can click any part to do the coloring.
  3. Eyedropper - This function is a special tool to determine the color we dab from the selected part. You will select a specific color in an image or Photoshop document using this tool.
  4. Integration with Adobe Fonts – In Adobe Photoshop update, Adobe also makes it easier for users to choose fonts by adding integration features with Adobe Fonts. This feature therefore allows users to have no trouble finding fonts while designing.
  5. Select and Mask - A function to select parts of objects and make the selected background erased or covered with a mask. This feature was previously called Refine Edge. With the Select and Mask function, you will get more detailed selection results.
  6. Match Font - A cool feature which is useful for detecting the similarity of fonts with the images you enter. With this feature, users do not bother to browse font detection websites because by using Match Fonts, similar or suitable fonts can be selected.
  7. Content-Aware Fill or Content-Aware Move – A useful feature for subtly filling selected parts of an image. Content Aware Fill will highlight the selected object area and the settings can be adjusted for best results. For example, an image of a landscape in the middle of which there is a tree, but we want to remove the tree and equate this part with grass. Now with this feature, Photoshop will perfectly fill the missing parts with the surrounding grass environment. Now this feature has been updated to Content Aware Move, to be precise in the latest edition of Photoshop CS6 not only can you remove an object but you can also move photo objects from one place to another.
  8. Photoshop Brushes (Photoshop Brushes) - A feature that provides tools for creating brushes or strokes on image media. This brush is also used for erasing and photo editing to achieve the perfect result.
  9. Improved Lens Blur - A feature that can improve sharpness results also blurs foreground, background and center image media. Apart from that, with this feature you can give a nice bokeh effect through specular highlights so that the image looks realistic.
  10. Photo Effects - Photoshop provides quite comprehensive photo effects features to explore. Some of them use filter effects like dramatic themes with subtraction colors, retro styles for artistic filters, create painterly effects, retouch images and there are many effect settings you can try in Photoshop.


For you, photography fans and editing activists, you have to fight with this program. Because Photoshop's features and tools are diverse enough to maximize the editing/design work you want to do.

It is a brief overview of Adobe Photoshop definition, history, functions and features that you can learn. Share this article on your social networks to make it more useful and helpful. If there is anything you need to ask or pass on, write it in the comments column below. Thanks and good luck!

How much does an Adobe Photoshop subscription cost?

Currently Photoshop costs $27.62/month

What operating systems support Adobe Photoshop?

Microsoft Windows, Mac OS and iPad OS

What are the functions and uses of Adobe Photoshop?

For image editing, photo editing, creating photo effects and image manipulation.

Is Adobe Photoshop easy to use?

Easy to use for graphic editors, to better understand the creation of photo effect manipulation, it's a good idea to learn some of the basic features and functions first.