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Recognizing Typhoid Disease

 Typhoid / typhoid fever


Typhoid fever or more commonly called typhus is an acute illness caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi. This bacterium is usually found in contaminated water or food. In addition, this bacterium can also be transmitted by infected people.

A person infected with the bacteria that causes typhus can spread throughout the body, which can affect many organs in the victim's body. People infected with typhoid fever/typhus can transmit the bacteria through feces and urine, by eating and drinking that have been contaminated with the urine or feces of people with typhus. Either the consumption of food handled by people with typhus and whose cure has not been declared by a doctor. Typhoid fever is a bacterial infection that can spread throughout the body and affect many organs. Without prompt and proper treatment, this disease can lead to serious complications that can be fatal.


Once you are infected, the body usually exhibits a variety of early signs and symptoms such as :

  1. Fever that increases each day until it reaches 39o - 40o Celsius
  2. Headache
  3. Weak and tired
  4. Muscle pain
  5. Sweat
  6. Dry cough
  7. Loss of appetite and weight loss
  8. Stomach ache
  9. Diarrhea or constipation
  10. A rash appears on the skin in the form of small pink spots
  11. Bloated stomach
  12. If you don't get the right treatment, you'll experience conditions such as:
  13. Delusional
  14. Lying weakly with half-closed eyes

Also, complications can occur such as bleeding in the intestine and rupture of the intestine.


The cause of typhus or typhoid fever is the bacteria Salmonella typhi. Usually, these bacteria are spread by :

  • Faeces and urine from patients that contaminate water or food
  • Salmonella typhi bacteria can also be spread through direct contact with an infected person (being served food by someone with typhoid fever).


Antibiotics are the most effective treatment for typhoid fever. Usually the doctor will prescribe various antibiotics. and there are several treatments that can be done, namely :

1. To drink a lot of water

Drinking water when you have typhus helps prevent dehydration caused by prolonged fever and diarrhea. If you are severely dehydrated, your doctor will give you fluids through a vein (infusion).

2. Bed rest

In order to recover quickly, rest is something that helps the recovery process from this disease. Try not to do a variety of strenuous activities that drain your energy so that your body can get back into shape immediately and avoid typhoid complications.

3. Eat easily digestible foods

Typhus is a bowel disorder, so eating easily digestible foods like porridge and other soft foods is recommended. In this way, the work of the intestine becomes lighter. Eating foods that are easy to digest also makes the nutrients in the food more quickly absorbed by the body.


1. Maintain cleanliness

One of the preventive measures that can be taken to prevent this disease is to wash your hands regularly before and after eating, after performing activities and when serving/cooking. Wash hands with soap and running water. In an emergency, hands can be cleaned with a hand sanitizer containing at least 70% alcohol.

Also, maintain personal hygiene, especially after traveling outside the home, let alone the market. Try not to touch your eyes, nose and mouth with dirty hands. Also, be sure to wash your feet every time you leave the house.

2. Avoid contact with sick people

Bacteria are transmitted very easily from one person to another. To do this, avoid too close contact with sick people. Kissing and sharing cooking or bathing utensils with sick people can increase the risk of disease transmission.

3. Typhoid vaccine

One way to prevent typhus is to get vaccinated against typhoid. This vaccine can be done if it is really necessary if you are susceptible or at high risk of contracting this disease by consulting a doctor first.

4. Consume food and drink that is guaranteed to be clean

Food and drink are the most common modes of transmission for typhoid. Therefore, always try to eat and drink cleanly. Eating food cooked and served hot is much better than raw or undercooked food.

5. Do not prepare/serve food while sick

Try not to cook or prepare food until your doctor has determined that the bacteria is no longer contagious. In order not to transmit/infect typhus to other people.